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The feeding of the hens

The feeding of the hens

Feeding the hens: from laying hens, to Leghorns, from do-it-yourself feed to food leftovers to be fed to the farm.

To make our section on laying hens more complete, today we will talk aboutsupply. How should we feed the hens? Which feeds to use and how often should the food be administered?

First of all, let's start by saying that the types of feed we're going to see are good for all hens, includingdwarf hensornamental hens, Leghorn hens and laying hens. Leghorn hens have the particularity of laying white eggs but this does not mean that they follow a distinct diet!

L'supply of the hens it requires a daily commitment.

Homemade chicken feed

What kitchen leftovers can be fed to the hens?

  • Bread
  • Pasta
  • Rice
  • Soups

The hardest ingredients such as stale bread, toast and bruschetta are possiblesoakwith water to form a soft mash. It is a good onehomemade chicken feedwith ingredients that would otherwise end up in the garbage.

The distribution of leftover vegetables and fruit can also be appreciated by the hens.

Remember, however, that your food leftovers are not enough to feed your chicken farm. If you pretend to feed the chickens with kitchen leftovers, expect a drop in production and health problems.

Calculate that, in the early afternoon, the manger must be cleaned and supplied with feed in the dose of 120 grams per hen.

Feeding hens

Feeding the hens it can consist of prepackaged feed and food waste.

  • It is not recommended to buy special feeds to stimulate egg production.
  • Ready-made ground mixes are available on the market.
  • It is possible to mix the feed with dry bread left over from lunch soaked in water.
  • The waste of food that can be given to hens they are: cauliflower leaves, cabbage, rapeseed and other vegetables or vegetables ... the important thing is that they are not cooked.
  • If possible, provide the hens with a pasture rich in vegetation.
  • For convenience, it is possible to buy prepackaged blends, excellent are those of maize, corn, sorghum, sunflower and wheat.
  • In winter, the portions of food and water must be more abundant.
  • In winter, you must take care that the surface water does not freeze in low temperatures and, in summer, the water must not be exposed in the hottest area of ​​the shelter.

Feeding laying hens

If feeds for stimulating egg production are not recommended, how can spawning be facilitated?

Chickens and hens I'm "social animals”With a well-structured behavior, which is why it is important to ensure the right supply but also lighting, cleanliness and hygiene. The presence of a rooster stimulates the production of eggs which might otherwise be retained.

Egg production is also affected by the hours of light available to the hens. If you have the possibility, you can set up a system for lighting integration. If so, the light will only need to be turned on in the morning to ensure the sunset is natural. To maximize egg laying, 14 hours of light are needed.

There are numerous feeds for laying hens, during the summer months, when egg laying has not yet ceased, mix the common feed for chicks (23% protein) with the addition of 20 grams of table salt per every 10 kg of mixture.

When thelaying hensthey decrease the deposition, for them the rest period begins then distribute only 80 grams of grains per head per day, for two months, at the end of which resume the administration of the previously suggested mixture, given specifically by 50% of feed, 35% corn, 8% wheat bran, 7% oyster shells and the addition of table salt.

How soon do the hens start laying eggs

Egg production begins between the end of summer and the beginning of autumn. Egg production is a bit late in arriving for the hens born in spring, these young chickens will begin laying them towards the month of October. Typically, hens begin to produce eggs after their plumage moult. When does it happen? When the hens are 20-24 weeks old.

If you are wondering because your hens lay small eggs, know that the first eggs are small in size. It is completely normal. After 4 - 6 weeks, the egg size will become normal.

The laying of the eggs will go on until late summer, between July and August of the following year, it is in this period that the hens begin to moult again and therefore slow down the production of eggs.

The hens produce a good number of eggs up to the third year of age. The eggs must be collected daily!

Feeding the chickens to get more eggs

If your aim is to increase egg production, we recommend that you read the guideHow to increase egg production.


Video: What do CHICKENS Eat? - All About Feeding HENS (December 2021).