Cashew nuts, property beneficial: nutritional values, what they are and how the plant is grown. All information on cashew nut, improperly namedcashew.
Cashews, what are they
L'casheworcashewit is a kind of nut produced by the plantWestern anacardium, an arboreal species of the Anacardiaceae family. These small “nuts” develop in the peduncle of the cashew or cagiù apple. The cashew apple is a false edible fruit with a sweet pulp. For all information on thecashew plantand the cultivation of this "nut" we refer to the pageCashew nuts, plant and cultivation.
In the following image you can see the false fruit (cashew apple); in the terminal area of the false fruit there is an enlarged peduncle that encloses the part that we consume and improperly callcashew. As is clear, thecashewit is not onepeanutproperly called and unlike oily nuts (almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts, peanuts…) they contain carbohydrates and starch for about 10% of their weight. Thanks to the starch content, thecashew nutsthey can be used in many hot recipes such as soups, stews, soups or meat dishes. In India, cashews are used ground for the preparation of sweets. Give itcashew nutsavegetable milkwidely used for the preparation of desserts.
The shell of the "cashew nut" is toxic and contains a corrosive and irritating substance. It is for this reason that we never find thecashewstill enclosed in its shell but we always find itnakedand already shelled.
Cashews, properties and nutritional values
The 100 grams of cashews provide 553 calories. They are rich in micronutrients such as copper, manganese, phosphorus and magnesium. Provides a fair amount of Vitamin B6, Vitamin K, iron, potassium and zinc. In particular, inutritional valuesof 100 grams of product see:
- Carbohydrates: 30.19 g
- Fat: 43.85 g
- Proteins: 18.22 g
- Vitamin B1, Thiamine: 0.423 mg
- Vitamin B2, Riboflavin: 0.058 mg
- Niacin, Vitamin B3: 1.062 mg
- Pantothenic Acid, Vitamin B5: 0.86 mg
- Vitamin B6: 0.417 mg
- Folate, Vitamin B9: 25 mcg
- Vitamin C: 0.5 mg
- Vitamin E: 0.90 mg
- Vitamin K: 34.1 mcg
- Calcium: 37 mg
- Iron: 6.68 mg
- Magnesium 292 mg
- Manganese: 1.66 mg
- Potassium: 660 mg
- Phosphorus: 593 mg
- Sodium: 12 mg
- Zinc: 5.78 mg
- Water: 5.20 g
Of the fats contained in cashews, only 7,783 g are saturated, the rest are monounsaturated (23,797 g) and polyunsaturated (7,845) fatty acids.
Cashews in the kitchen, international recipes
Thecashew nutsthey are very popular in Indian cooking recipes. They are used to garnish desserts, to prepare curry or pressed to form a basic sauce for various preparations (for exampleKorma). Cashew flour (they are nothing but powdered cashews) is widely used for the preparation of sweets and desserts. In the Philippines, cashews are also very popular for the preparation of a dessert very similar to our nougat. If you are looking for a recipe to use your roasted cashews, you can make some nougat at home by replacing the peanuts with cashews.
In Monzambico, the name "bolo polana" indicates a cake prepared with cashews in powder and mashed potatoes. This dessert is also popular in South Africa.
In Brazil, thecashew juice while in Panama it is easy to findcashew nutscaramelized or thedulce de Maranon, a dessert made with cashews, water and brown sugar.
Cashews and derived products
From cashews we produce:
- Cashew oil
Vegetable oil is characterized by a dark color and, in many places, is a common condiment for salads. It is produced with cold pressing of cashews.
- Cashew shell oil
It is an irritating product used as a raw material for the preparation of anti-moths, fungicides and for the anti-termite treatment of wood.
- Cashew milk
Among the types of vegetable milk, cashew milk is very popular.
- Cashew juice
This fruit juice is easily found on supermarket shelves… but in Brazil!
- Cashew Butter
Produced as an alternative to peanut butter.
Cashews, where to buy them
The cashew apple is not easily found on the local market: this false fruit has a thin skin and is not suitable for exports. On the contrary, thecashew nutsvisible in the photo at the opening of the article, they are easy to find. They can be bought in the most well-stocked supermarkets or through online purchases.